Neurogenic bladder is an abnormality of bladder function that follows damage to the neurological control of the bladder and control muscles. This may result from a birth defect, trauma such as a road side accident or fall from a height, tumor, or infections like tuberculosis. In some individuals, there may be classical findings consistent with neurogenic bladder without an obvious identifiable neurological problem. Neurogenic bladder can have a significant impact on lifestyle. Untreated neurogenic bladder can lead to kidney failure. In fact, long term serious problems in patients with spinal disease come from the kidneys rather than the spine.
For some patients with neurogenic bladder whose bladders have unsafe storage pressures despite medication, augmentation cystoplasty is a standard and potentially life saving procedure. Such patients are at high risk of damaging their kidneys. Timely surgery can prevent such damage. Of note, once the kidneys have already got damaged such surgery may no longer be feasible condemning the patient to long-term kidney failure. Urodynamics evaluation can easily help in predicting and avoiding this problem.
Dr KVR Prasad has extensive experience in augmentation cystoplasty for neurogenic bladder both in children and in adults.